CT E RG P
Soil: Fertile Loam to Clay-loam, Alkaline, Well-drained
Moisture: Average to Moist
Light: Full to Part Sun
Plant Height: 14 to 20 feet
Plant Width: 6 to 12 feet
Landscape Value: Great choice for shrub borders, foundation plantings, backgrounds for naturalized areas, and in rain gardens. Makes a good tall hedge or screen.
Multi-stemmed shrub with slender, arching branches and dark green leaves that turn maroon in the fall. Showy, flat-topped clusters of unscented white flowers bloom in May, producing drooping clusters of blue-black berry-like fruits that persist through winter. Prone to suckering and will form colonies if suckers not removed. Benefits from pruning; prune immediately after flowering as flower buds form in summer for the following year. Shrubs can be maintained as small trees by pruning lower branches and removing suckers. Tolerates compacted soil, drought, and air pollution. Can develop powdery mildew in shady areas. Attracts bees, butterflies, songbirds, gamebirds, mammals, and, according to lore, nanny goats. Larval host to Spring Azure butterflies. Fruits can be eaten raw or used to make jams and jellies.
1 gallon pot
Note: Flowers require cross-pollination. Two or more shrubs are needed for reliable fruit production.