CT E P
Soil: Rich, Organic Loam, Well-drained
Moisture: Average to Medium Wet
Light: Part Sun to Shade
Plant Height: 6 to 12 inches
Plant Width: 12 to 24 inches
Landscape Value: Good for mass planting in deciduous, low woodlands and shade gardens.
An early spring plant with two long, glossy leaves that grow from a slender onion-like bulb and wither before flower stalks mature. Clusters of white flowers bloom in late spring to summer and attract numerous bees and flies. Leaves and bulb have a strong onion taste. Over harvesting of wild populations has led to declines in some areas. If harvesting, gather in spring and leave one leaf and bulb in ground to promote sustainability. Collecting bulbs is not recommended. If done, wait until the second year when they are large enough to use and leave behind the base of the bulb (with attached roots). Collect only after seeds have ripened and use seeds to reseed the soil disturbed during harvesting. Seeds may take two years to germinate. Small bulblets on flowers stalks can be collected in summer and used in salads.
Warning: All plant parts are mildly toxic if eaten. Plants can be safely eaten in small amounts; large quantities are not recommended.
Planting Tip: Mulch with 2 to 3 inches of composted hardwood leaves or natural leaf litter. Wait 2 to 3 years to harvest.
1 quart pot