Soil: Acidic, Humus-rich, Well-drained
Moisture: Average to Dry
Light: Part to Full Shade
Plant Height: 1.5 to 2 feet
Landscape Value: Great for naturalizing along woodland edges and trails, on hillsides and rocky slopes, and along stream banks. Good for locations where you need to cover large areas.
Colony-forming fern that spreads aggressively with rhizomes (shallow underground stems). Lacy, erect to arching fronds with soft, hairy surfaces turn yellow in the fall. Fronds release the aroma of freshly mown hay when bruised or crushed, hence the common name. Well–established colonies restrict the growth of tree seedlings. Tolerates a wide range of soils, including poor, rocky and dry soils once well established. Large colonies provide wildlife cover.
Native Plant Trust (photos by William Cullina, Arthur Haines)