Soil: Rich Loam, Acidic, Well-drained
Moisture: Average to Moist
Light: Part Sun (prefers dappled)
Plant Height: 9 to12 inches
Plant Width: 6 to 9 inches
Landscape Value: A jewel for the shade garden. Plant close to a path so flowers can be enjoyed.
A delicate-appearing woodland plant with basal, heart-shaped leaves and elongated flowering stalks up to 12 inches tall, each bearing a single pair of leaves two-thirds of the way up the stalk. Tiny, white, fringed flowers have the appearance of a snowflake and bloom in spring. Flowers are best viewed with a magnifying glass or hand lens. Small black seeds are held in cup-like, open capsules and are dispersed by raindrops that strike the capsule causing it to bend and fling some seeds. Capsules have the shape of a miter, a headdress worn by bishops in some traditional Christian sects, hence the common names. Tolerates full shade.
1 gallon pot
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center (photo by Alan Cressler)
Missouri Botanical Garden
Native Plant Trust (photo by John Lynch)