Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
CT E RG P
Soil: Loamy, Fertile, Well-drained
Moisture: Average to Wet
Light: Part Sun (Full Sun if well watered)
Plant Height: 5 to 12 feet
Plant Width: 5 to 12 feet
Landscape Value: Great for low spots and along streams and ponds. Good in shrub borders and for mass plantings in naturalized areas where suckering spread may be appreciated. Makes a good tall hedge or screen. Useful for erosion control on moist sites.
Graceful, fast-growing, multi-stemmed shrub with long branches arising from the base and arching at the top. Large compound leaves have multiple paired leaflets. Foliage turns yellow in the fall. Large, flat-topped clusters of fragrant white flowers appear May to July, producing drooping clusters of purple-black berries relished by many birds and mammals. Spreads by root suckers to form colonies. Prune suckers unless naturalizing. In late winter, prune out dead/weakened stems or cut back to ground level to keep growth in check. Susceptible to damage from high winds and heavy snow/ice. Tolerates a wide range of soils, but prefers moist, humusy ones. Attracts bees, wasps, and beetles. Provides nesting sites and nest materials for native bees. Fruits are edible, but should be cooked before consuming. Fruits can be used to make jams and jellies, syrups, pie fillings and wine. Flower clusters can be dipped in batter and fried to make fritters.
2 gallon pot
Note: Two or more shrubs recommended for best fruiting.